India's Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)

Renewable Energy Progress

Installed Capacity (in GW)

Pipeline Capacity (in GW)*

*Pipeline data updated as per latest available information

Power Sector Overview


180.80 GW Total Installed RE capacity + Hydro(As on Dec-23)

Average Thermal PLFs 63.70% (FY 23) 67.58% (Apr’23-Dec’23)(Excluding oil & gas-based plants)

133.89 GW INSTALLED RE CAPACITY (Excluding Large Hydro)(As on Dec-23)

1301.23 BUs OVERALL GENERATION(Apr’23-Dec’23)


14,625 CkmTransmission Lines
Capacity Addition
(FY 23)9,047 Ckm(Apr’23-Dec’23)

4.71 %Growth in Transmission Lines (CAGR)
from FY16 to FY23

75,902 MVASubstation Capacity
(FY 23)38,336 MVA(Apr’23-Dec’23)

8.68 %Growth in Substation Capacity (CAGR)
from FY16 to FY23

India Power Sector Overview
India Power Sector Overview
India Power Sector Overview
India Power Sector Overview


Total Electricity Demand 1512 BUs(FY 23)1,224 BUs(Apr’23-Dec’23)

Total peak demand216 GW(FY23)243 GW(Apr’23-Dec’23)

20.81%Average AT&C loss(as per UDAY Dashboard)

1.00 Rs./unitACS - ARR gap(as per UDAY Dashboard)


~21.44 Crores No. of Electrified Households
(under SAUBHAGYA scheme)

Per Capita Electricity Consumption State
(As on Mar’22)
Highest: Dadra & Nagar Haveli12,250 kWhLowest: Bihar329 kWh

Maharashtra Top Electricity Consuming State
(FY 23)

Highest Electricity Consumption Share31.8% Domestic Sector 30.4% Industry Sector
(excl. captive)
(FY 23)


428.30 GW

Total installed capacity

(As on Dec’23)

1,618 BUs

Overall Generation

(FY 23)

4,80,388 ckm

Length of Transmission Lines

(As on Dec’23)


Substation Transformation Capacity

(As on Dec’23)

1512 BUs

Total Electricity Requirement

(FY 23)

1504 BUs

Total Electricity Supplied

(FY 23)

1117 BUs

Total Electricity Sales

(FY 23)

1,327 kWh

Per capita Electricity Consumption

(As on Mar’23)

Energy Flows

*The percentage share is calculated on the total primary energy supply (TPES)

Explore :India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047

Climate Variability - Decadal Temperature Trends (°C)

Annual Per Capita Water Availability

*Annual per capita water availability for 2025 and 2050 is based on Water and Related Statistics - 2021, published by the Central Water Commission, Govt. of India

Sectoral GHG Emissions


Ground Water Resources

*Based on National Compilation on Dynamic Ground Water Resources of India, 2023 | Figures in brackets denote assessment units owned/managed by Central Ground Water Board.

Land Cover

All listed land-use land-cover classes' data except for Forest land are based on EnviStats India, 2022 report by MoSPI, for the period 2011-12 to 2015-16.
*Evaluation of Forest land is based on India State of Forest Reports 2015 & 2021 with data for the period 2013-14 and 2019-20 respectively.

Biodiversity Hotspots of India

India is home to
4 out of 36
globally identified
biodiversity hotspots
Northeastern India and Andaman group of Islands
Nicobar group of Islands
Western Ghats
India’s share in
global biodiversity
India’s ranking in species endemicity
  • 10th in birds
    (69 species)
  • 5th in reptiles
    (156 species)
  • 7th in amphibians
    (110 species)


Gross Domestic Product
(in ₹ Lakh crore) 0
Constant Price: 0
Current Price: 0
3rd, 2nd and 1st Revised Estimates for years 2019- 20, 2020-21 and 2021-22 respectively. Provisional Estimates for 2022-23.
GDP Growth
(in %) 0
Constant Price: 0
Current Price: 0

*Demography (2024)

Total Population
140 crores
Most Populous State
Uttar Pradesh
23.80 crore
17% of India's population
Highest population density
14,667 persons/
Most Urbanized State
State with highest share of female population
1082 females
per 1000 males
State with highest share of rural population
Himachal Pradesh

*Based on Population Projection Report 2011-2036, published by the National Commission on Population, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India.